Childhood Arthritis (JA) also known as Juvenile arthritis is any form of arthritis or arthritis related conditions which affects individuals under the age of 16.
Three classifications of juvenile arthritis exist-juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) of which, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is the most common.
Juvenile arthritis is caused by the body attacking its own healthy cells and tissues causing the joint to become inflamed and stiff. Once the joint has become inflamed and stiff, damage is done to the joint and the growth of the joint may by changed or impaired. Early diagnosis and treatment by a paediatric rheumatologist or a rheumatologist can help manage inflammation, relieve pain, and prevent joint damage.
The common problems encountered by the child are inflammation of the large and small joints causing increased pain and limitation in the range of motion resulting in joint deformities.child looses his right to play and becomes dependent to perform his self care activities too.
Children are encouraged to be involved in extra-curricular activities, physical activity when possible, and to live a normal life.
Occupational therapist will help in improving muscle strength and movement.therapist will prevent musculoskeletal abnormalities through suggesting joint protection techniques ,splints and adaptive devices.